simmons smith reaction mechanism

Simmons Smith reaction mechanism

The reaction involves the treatment of an olefinic compound with diiodomethane  (CH2I2) and Zn-Cu couple. the attacking species is an organozinc intermediate , a carbene like species called a carbenoid. Generally substituted alkenes react somewhat faster than unsubstituted alkenes.

simmons smith reaction

Thus , 1-methylcuclohexene reacts faster than cyclohexene. The reaction is stereospecific and occurs by the cis addition of methylene to the less hindered side of the double bond.

simmons smith reaction
Simmons Smith Reaction mechanism is not clear, but metal carbenoid is likely to be involved.

simmons smith reaction

The Reimer-Tiemann reaction: Reaction and its Mechanism

Reimer-Tiemann Reaction Phenols on reaction with chloroform in the presence of sodium hydroxide (or potassium hydroxide) solution give hydro...